What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

Published On: May, 12, 2022

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. As a man grows old, the prostate undergoes two primary growth cycles. The first cycle usually happens during early puberty where the prostate’s size doubles. The second cycle begins at the age of 25 years and continues for the rest of the life. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) usually develops during the second growth cycle.


During the second phase, the prostate enlarges, pressing against the urethra. As this happens, the bladder wall also becomes thicker. The condition causes the narrowing of the urethra and urinary retention. The bladder tends to weaken and fail to empty fully, resulting in some urine being left in the bladder. This condition causes uncomfortable symptoms such as urinary tract, bladder, and kidney problems.

The prostate is a tiny, muscular gland that surrounds the urethra. The gland is responsible for the most fluid in the semen. The prostate’s muscular action assists in propelling semen and fluid through the penis during ejaculation. Prostate enlargement is referred to as benign prostatic hyperplasia. (BPH) develops when the prostate gland cells start to replicate. As the cells multiply, the prostate gland swells, pressing against the urethra and obstructing the urine flow. 

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is benign, meaning it does not cause or lead to cancer. However, the condition leads to uncomfortable symptoms and complications that can affect the quantity of life. (BPH) is a common condition affecting about 50% of all men aged between 51 and 60 years. The condition also affects up to 90% of men aged over 80. 

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