Symptoms and causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Published On: May, 13, 2022

Symptoms and causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)



For most people, the Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms are very mild at first. However, the symptoms worsen over time if not treated. Similar to other conditions, the severity of the symptoms varies from one person to the other. The common signs and symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) include;

  • An abrupt urinating urge
  • Leakage or incontinence of urine
  • Dribbling, especially when you are done urinating
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts
  • Half-finished bladder emptying
  • Nocturia – This condition leads to increased frequency of urination at night
  • Incontinence or leakage of urine
  • A delayed or slow urinary stream
  • Straining when urinating
  • Painful urination

Although less common, a person suffering from Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) can also have the following symptoms;

  • Inability to urinate
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Blood trace in the urine

Most often, your prostate size does not primarily determine the severity of the symptoms. Men with a slightly enlarged prostate can experience severe symptoms than men with significantly enlarged prostates. Sometimes, the symptoms stabilize with time. However, you experience one or more of these symptoms, you need to talk to your doctor. PBH is treatable, and often-early treatment helps to prevent complications.




For most men, prostate growth continues throughout life. As such, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is considered a normal part of male aging. As stated, almost all men above the age of 80 experience Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms. While it is not entirely clear what causes prostate enlargement, variations in male hormones that develop as we age might be a contributing factor. A family with prostate issues history or testicle abnormalities may put you at increased susceptibility to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). Some of the other common risk factors for prostate gland enlargement include:


Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms are rare in men under the age of 40 years. By the age of 60, about half of men may experience moderate to severe symptoms. On the other hand,90 percent of men aged above 80 experience BPH symptoms.



Obesity is linked to an increased risk of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Regular exercise and the proper diet can help lower the risk.


Heart disease and diabetes 

Heart disease, diabetes, and beta-blockers are shown to increase the risk of developing the condition.


Inability to urinate is a severe condition that leads to various complications. Your doctor might need to insert a catheter into the bladder to drain the urine. Patients suffering from an enlarged prostate may also require surgery that helps relieve urinary retention.


Most men suffering from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) do not develop complications. However, acute urinary retention can lead to severe complications. Below are the common enlarged prostate complications.


Difficulty in emptying the bladder fully increases the risk of infection of your urinary tract. If the patient suffers from frequent UTIs attacks, the doctor may perform surgery to remove part of the prostate.


Bladder stones are caused due to the inability to empty the bladder. The bladder stones can lead to bladder irritation, infection, obstruction of urine flow, and blood in the urine.


When the bladder does not empty, it tends to stretch and weaken gradually. The condition causes difficulty in contracting the bladder’s muscular walls, making it hard to empty the bladder.


The pressure in the bladder caused by urinary retention can damage the kidneys. In other scenarios, the infections in the bladder tend to affect the kidney.


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